Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) is a group-based programme developed by Jon Kabat-Zinn and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Medical Centre, Centre for Mindfulness (CFM) for populations with a wide range of physical and mental health problems. It has been extensively studied since the late 1970s.
The ancient practice of mindfulness, adapted from its use as a spiritual practice, is rendered into an accessible form relevant to contemporary life with its accompanying stresses, stimuli and issues. The course is not tailored to any particular diagnosis. The course thus involves developing a mindfulness meditation practice together with discussion on stress and life skills. The evidence base on MBSR shows significant positive effects with participants with chronic pain, fibromyalgia, multiple sclerosis, generalised anxiety disorder and panic, psoriasis, cancer and health care provider self-care.